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11/11/2015 - Minimum-Wage Workers Fight for $15 in Cities Across America

Low-wage workers around the country-the majority of whom are women-gathered Tuesday to strike for $15 an hour. The Fight for 15 campaign, now in its third year, began with fast-food workers demanding better wages, and now includes factory laborers, home- and child-care workers, janitors, retail employees and others earning less than $15 an hour.

The campaign is backed by the Service Employees International Union and has seen victories in cities across the country. In Los Angeles and Seattle, for example, city councils voted to raise the minimum wage to $15 incrementally over a period of years. And in San Francisco, residents voted to raise the minimum wage to $15 by 2018. On Tuesday, campaign organizers added Pittsburgh to their list of wins, and New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) announced plans to raise the minimum wage to $15 for state employees.

Fight for 15 organizers say demonstrations were held in at least 270 locales, including Las Vegas, Fresno, Calif., Troy, Mich., Fairfax, Va. and Milwaukee, among others.

Dolores Huerta, co-founder of the United Farm Workers and a Mexican-American icon, joined activists in Milwaukee who are not only demanding a better minimum wage, but also protesting the Republican presidential debate happening last night in that city.

"The Republican candidates are going down the wrong path with all of these attacks they're making on our community," Huerta said in a statement. "They're against raising the minimum wage, against fighting climate change, even though families are struggling and global warming is going to affect every one of us."

11/10/2015 - Jindal Appeals Federal Court Ruling That Saved Medicaid Funding for Planned Parenthood

Last week, Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal's administration filed an appeal notice at the 5th Circuit Court of Appeal in New Orleans after a federal judge ordered his administration to cease efforts to strip Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood in the state.

Late last month, after temporarily blocking Jindal's attempts, U.S. District Judge John deGravelles handed down a preliminary injunction requiring Louisiana to continue funding Planned Parenthood.

Jindal, a Republican candidate for president, sought the cancellation of provider agreements between Medicaid and Planned Parenthood, asserting the women's reproductive healthcare provider does not "represent the values of the state of Louisiana in regards to respecting human life."

He also cited a series of fraudulent and surreptitiously recorded videos released by anti-abortion group the Center for Medical Progress (CMP). The videos, which CMP claim depicts Planned Parenthood's sale of fetal tissue, have been debunked repeatedly. Nonetheless, under Jindal's directive, the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (DHH) issued a notice to Planned Parenthood Gulf Coast (PPGC) in August alerting them of their contract termination with Medicaid effective 30 days after the notice's date.

The need for affordable access to quality reproductive healthcare in Louisiana could not be more critical. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Louisiana has some of the highest rates of sexually transmitted disease infection in the United States, ranking first in gonorrhea infection, second in chlamydia and third in syphilis and HIV. Last year, the state's two Planned Parenthood clinics provided nearly 20,000 STD tests as well as pelvic exams, cancer screenings and contraception to some 10,000 predominately low-income patients.

11/10/2015 - Federal Appeals Court Upholds Injunction Against Obama's Executive Action on Immigration

In a blow to President Obama's immigration reform efforts, the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld an injunction barring the Administration from moving forward with a series of executive orders that would protect nearly 5 million people from deportation.

The 2-1 ruling upholds a February decision by a Texas-based federal judge who rejected the Department of Justice's request for the executive orders to go into effect pending appeal. 26 states challenged the executive actions in court.

The initiatives under scrutiny include expanding the eligibility for the 2012 Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and the creation of a Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) program through a 2014 executive order. DACA protects immigrants if they were brought into the country illegally as children. DAPA would protect parents of U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents.

Texas governor Greg Abbott responded to the decision saying, "The court's decision is a vindication for the rule of law and the Constitution... The president's job is to enforce the immigration laws, not rewrite them. President Obama should abandon his lawless executive amnesty program and start enforcing the law today."

Dolores Huerta, founder and president of the Dolores Huerta Foundation and Feminist Majority Foundation board member, said, "This decision shows how important it is to elect progressive presidents. This is a decision by a conservative majority on the court."

In a statement, Marielena Hincapie, executive director of the National Immigration Law Center, said, "The court's flawed ruling today is inconsistent with even the most basic legal principles. While it is clear that our fight is far from over, the power of our voices and our votes will eventually prevail and bring about change. We will not deviate from a future in which all immigrants are treated with dignity and justice... We now call on the Department of Justice to seek Supreme Court review immediately where we are more likely to obtain justice for our communities."

11/9/2015 - Protests Force U of MO President Out

University of Missouri President Tim Wolfe has resigned amid escalating protests and calls for him to step down after failing to address the issue of racism and racial intolerance on campus.

For months, black students at the University of Missouri have been protesting over matters of racial discrimination, citing that students felt unsafe on campus due to racial slurs and threats aimed towards black students.

During homecoming, the protesters blocked the president's vehicle during a parade, but unfortunately, Wolfe did not come out to address them and the police had to move them.

Seeing the lack of acknowledgement from the president, a black graduate student, Jonathan Butler, went on a hunger strike last week to bring awareness to the "slew of racist, sexist, homophobic" incidents on campus and Wolfe's lack of response to them.

Over the weekend, the protests picked up steam when 30 black football players announced they would not participate in football team activities, including games, until Wolfe resigned. A statement by the players revealed that the players would not tolerate any lack of action concerning threats or incidents of racism towards students. The boycott would have had significant economic repercussions for the school, including a $1 million fine if they do not play in this weekend's game versus Brigham Young University.

Students and members of the Concerned Student 1950, an organization named after the year in which the first black student was admitted to the university, also spearheaded today's walk out to demand Wolfe's resignation.

Several political leaders voiced their concern over the lack of action by the school authorities. U.S. Senator Claire McCaskill (D - MO) said it is essential for the Board of Curators to send a "clear message" to the student body on how they are committed to addressing racism on the campus. In a statement, Missouri State Representative Steven Cookson said that Wolfe "can no longer effectively lead" and he should leave his post.

Last month, the Feminist Majority Foundation, along with 72 local and national women's and civil rights groups, called on the U.S. Department of Education to issue new guidelines for colleges and universities to do more to protect students from harassment and threats based on sex, race, LGBT and disability status.

The groups are calling for the Education Department's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to remind colleges and universities of their legal obligations under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ensure campuses are not permitting a climate of hostility toward some students based on race, sex, ethnicity, and LGBT or disability status.

11/9/2015 - Feminist Majority Honored Congresswomen and a Leading Women's Health Advocate

The Feminist Majority Foundation and its 42 co-sponsors honored Congresswomen Louise Slaughter with a Lifetime Achievement Award, Barbara Lee and Donna Edwards with Fearless Trailblazer Awards, and Amy Hagstrom Miller, President and Founder of Whole Women's Health with its Courage Award at the 2015 Women Money Power Summit.

The awards were presented before a packed ballroom at the National Press Club. The Summit is co-sponsored by 42 leading women's rights organizations including National Organization for Women, Planned Parenthood Action Fund, American Association of University Women, National Education Association, National Congress of Black Women, National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health, and the National LGBTQ Task Force.

Congresswoman Louise Slaughter of New York made history as the first woman on the powerful House Rules Committee and now as its ranking member. Congresswoman Slaughter a strong voice and fighter for reproductive and justice in Congress and Chair of the Prochoice House Caucus, reminded participants about the days of back-alley abortions. She emphasized that we must never go back to that time. Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro paid tribute to Slaughter calling her one of the "great Titans in Congress."

Congresswoman Barbara Lee courageously fought against the Stupak-Pitts anti-abortion amendment to the Affordable Care Ac and recently introduced the Equal Access to Abortion Coverage in Health Insurance (EACH Woman) to finally end the Hyde Amendment. She believes that there is "no option but to fight for women's healthcare, for women's rights, and the elimination of racism and sexism." She encouraged the audience to advocate for what you want. Congresswoman Lee quoted her idol, Shirley Chisholm that "if they don't give you a seat at the table, bring in a folding chair."

Congresswoman Donna Edwards served as the first executive director of the National Network to End Domestic Violence, an organization she co-founded. She also led the campaign to pass the Violence Against Women Act and the Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban. Congresswoman Edwards asked audience to be strong supporters of women. She raised an important point that "it takes women supporting women, making sure people know not only what we want, but what we demand." Congresswoman Edwards said that "being fearless is about every single one of us standing up and making a difference."

Amy Hagstrom Miller is the lead plaintiff in the legal challenge against the Texas TRAP (targeted regulation of abortion providers) law that would reduce the number of clinics from 41 to 10 in the state, denying millions of women access to legal abortion. Advocates are waiting to hear whether the Supreme Court will hear Whole Woman's Health constitutional challenge to the Texas TRAP law. Miller spoke of the importance of women's health clinics to millions of women not only in the major population centers but also in the rural areas of the country.

The Summit featured sessions on maximizing the women's vote, the rule of gender in election and advancing the feminist agenda. Featured speakers at the sessions included Avis Jones-Deweever, President and CEO of Exceptional Leadership Institute for Women, Kelly Dittmar a scholar at the Center for American Women and Politics, Barry Lynn, Executive Director at the American United for Separation of Church and State, E. Faye Williams, President and CEO of National Congress of Black Women, Terry O'Neil, President of National Organization for Women, Lisa Maatz, Vice President of Government Relations at the American Association of University Women, Vicki Saporta, President and CEO of the National Abortion Federation, Serra Sippel, President of the Center for Health and Gender Equity.

11/6/2015 - ACA Birth Control Benefit Heads Back to the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court today agreed to hear arguments from religiously affiliated non-profits challenging women's right to access insurance coverage for birth control under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

The non-profits seeking to deny women employees access to birth control argue that the requirement to fill out a one-page form to receive an exemption from covering birth control places a substantial burden on their exercise of religion and violates Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA).

"Birth control is basic health care for women. These challenges are not about religion. There is no law in the United States that allows an employer, even a religiously-affiliated non-profit, to impose a religious belief on an employee," said Feminist Majority President Eleanor Smeal. "Plain and simple, these cases are about sex discrimination and whether or not religion - in the United States - can still be used as a cover to discriminate against women. Will we have equal rights and democracy for everyone, or will we have democracy for men and theocracy for women?"

Under the ACA, health insurance companies must cover the full cost of all FDA-approved contraceptives - including the pill, IUDs, and emergency contraception - without requiring co-pays or cost-sharing. Religious employers, like churches, are already entirely exempt from this requirement. Religiously affiliated non-profits that object to providing birth control coverage to their employees are entitled to an accommodation that relieves them of their obligation to cover birth control.

To qualify for the accommodation, religiously affiliated non-profits must only inform their health insurance issuer, third party administrator, or the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - via a simple government form - that it objects to providing insurance coverage for birth control. At that point, these organizations are no longer required to play any role in providing or subsidizing birth control. The insurance issuer or third party administrator would be solely responsible for providing birth control benefits to affected employees.

Seven federal appeals courts have ruled that it is not a violation of RFRA the for a religiously affiliated non-profit to fill out a form indicating that it objects to providing insurance coverage for birth control. Only one court, the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, has sided with the non-profits.

The Supreme Court agreed to hear at least parts of all seven cases that requested review.

Just last Term, the Supreme Court decided in Hobby Lobby v. Burwell that for-profit corporations with religious objections could deny health insurance coverage for birth control. In its opinion, the Court determined that the government could achieve its goal of making birth control coverage available through narrower means, specifically referencing the accommodation available to religiously affiliated non-profits.

11/3/2015 - Hundreds of Police Officers Lost Jobs for Committing Sexual Assault

Over the last six years, about 1,000 police officers in the United States lost their badges because of sexual misconduct, according to an investigation by the Associated Press. That amounts to an officer being fired for sexual misconduct nearly every other day.

The AP report examined police decertification records from 41 states between 2009 and 2014 to determine how many cases fit the Department of Justices' standard for sexual assault:

"AP determined that some 550 officers were decertified for sexual assault, including rape and sodomy, sexual shakedowns in which citizens were extorted into performing favors to avoid arrest, or gratuitous pat-downs. Some 440 officers lost their badges for other sex offenses, such as possessing child pornography, or for sexual misconduct that included being a peeping Tom, sexting juveniles or having on-duty intercourse."

The investigation did not include data from nine states and the District of Columbia, because they either did not decertify any officers or refused to provide this information to the AP. Decertification is an administrative process that results the loss of the ability to serve in law enforcement. This process varies by state. California and New York, two of the most populous states, are also not included in these findings, as they have no statewide system to track decertifications. Federal officers were excluded as well. Because of these gaps, these numbers are most certainly an undercount.

Chief Bernadette DiPino of the Sarasota Police Department in Florida said, "It's happening probably in every law enforcement agency across the country... It's so underreported and people are scared that if they call and complain about a police officer, they think every other police officer is going to be then out to get them."

The report comes as the trial of Daniel Holtzclaw - the former Oklahoma City police officer facing 36 counts including rape, sexual battery and forcible oral sodomy - is set to begin this week. At least 13 African American women have come forward against Holtzclaw, who seems to have targeted these women because they are Black. Despite being charged with these heinous crimes and abusing his authority in the community, Holtzclaw was released on bond, which was later revoked when he let his GPS monitored ankle bracelet battery go dead. Black Women's Blueprint, a national Black feminist organization, has called this a part of a history that "devalue[s] Black women as legitimate victims of rape and assault."

In May, the African American Policy Forum (AAPF) released a report, "Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women," highlighting stories of Black women who have been killed by police, and studying forms of police brutality, such as sexual assault, that are often disproportionately experienced by women.

"Although Black women are routinely killed, raped and beaten by the police, their experiences are rarely foregrounded in popular understandings of police brutality," explains Kimberle Crenshaw, AAPF founder and director. "Yet, inclusion of Black women's experiences in social movements, media narratives and police demands around policing and police brutality is critical to effectively combating racialized state violence for Black communities and other communities of color."

11/2/2015 - Teen Births In Colorado Dip 48 Percent Thanks To LARCs

Just five years since Colorado introduced an innovative family planning initiative providing little to no-cost long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) to low-income women in 68 clinics, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment announced a 48 percent decline in teen births and abortions statewide, effectively linking access to affordable reproductive care to low rates of unintended pregnancy.

Since 2009, the Colorado Family Planning Initiative, a five-year pilot program funded privately with a $25 million grant from the Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation, has provided more than 30,000 intrauterine devices (IUDs) and other LARC methods including hormonal implants to low-income and uninsured women across the state. According to data compiled by the Colorado Department of Public Health, both births and abortions among women aged 15-19 have been cut in half, decreasing by as much as 48 percent between 2009 and 2014.

Women ages 20-24 are seeing drops, too. In the last five years, the birth and abortion rates within their age group dropped by 20 percent and 18 percent respectively. Moreover, the program has saved Medicaid approximately $79 million in birth-related costs between 2010 and 2012, meaning for every dollar spent, the initiative has returned $5.85 back into the social safety net.

Unfortunately, some remain unconvinced of the initiative's clear benefits. In May, the Colorado Senate voted down a bill appropriating $5 million for the program, funding that would have sustained the program beyond the previous grant's July expiration date. Several organizations have since pledged roughly $2 million to fund the program until June next year.

But according to Colorado's chief medical officer and health department executive director Dr. Larry Wolk, the program's effectiveness is undeniable. Given three-fourths of Colorado's teen pregnancies are unintended, the need for increased access to affordable contraception could not be more critical.
"This initiative continues to prove its effectiveness," said Wolk. "Thousands of low-income Colorado women now are able to pursue their dreams of higher education and a good career and choose when and whether to start a family."

11/2/2015 - Protecting NYC Restaurant Workers from Sexual Harassment

Futures Without Violence, a nonprofit working to end violence against women and children around the world, has launched an innovative project that aims to prevent sexual harassment of restaurant workers.

Nearly 80 percent of women restaurant employees have been sexually harassed at work at least once, by either a coworker or customer, and more than half report being harassed at least monthly.

Futures Without Violence teamed up with New York restaurants Amali and Colors, anti-violence organization CONNECT and advocacy group Restaurant Opportunities Center United (ROC) to create a series of trainings, workplace policies and educational materials for employees with the goal of preventing workplace sexual harassment.

"The restaurant industry is rife with sexual assault and harassment, and occupations that rely on tips, like waitressing, can put women in compromising positions in which they are forced to choose between putting up with harassment and earning a decent wage," said Catherine Barnett, executive director at ROC-New York.

Women make up about 52 percent of restaurant employees, but are 66 percent of tipped workers—which means that, in many cases, they earn less than minimum wage and subsist on tips, so must endure sexual abuse from customers just to earn a meager income (an estimated $9 an hour, including tips).

"As employers, it's our duty to take a proactive role in preventing and addressing this issue, and recognize its impact on individuals and the workplace overall," said James Mallios, managing partner at Amali Restaurant. "The costs of implementing these programs are far outweighed by the benefits of improved employee safety, retention, productivity and overall performance."

During its 15-month pilot project, the coalition plans to develop a set of practices and procedures that can become the industry standard for handling on-the-job sexual misconduct.

10/29/2015 - Afghan Woman Runs in Country's First Marathon

Afghanistan hosted an international marathon this month- the first marathon ever to be held in the country. Among the runners were several brave women, paving the way for women and girls.

The marathon was held in Bamyan province, located in central Afghanistan. More than 60 amateur and professional runners participated, including people from the United States and Canada, as well as runners from Afghanistan. Although about a dozen local schoolgirls participated in the shorter 10 kilometer race, only one Afghan woman ran the entire marathon.

Zainab, who is 25, spoke out about the her experience running in the marathon and the backlash she faced. "It is not easy for a woman to leave the house by herself, let alone running outside," Zainab said, admitting that she faced a lot of street harassment during the year she spent training for this event.

"The children were stoning us, people shouted bad words like 'prostitute', [asked her] 'why you don't stay at home?'" But Zainab insists that her resolve was not shaken. She says that she hopes more young girls are encouraged to take up running.

"I have plans for the future- I have goals," Zainab said. She spoke of her time visiting women in colleges in Afghanistan, "The girls- all of them are really quiet, and they don't laugh. I invited them to laugh, to be happy."

Afghan women have participated in marathons in foreign countries before, but this was the first time an Afghan woman ran in a marathon within her own country. The organizers hope that programs like this will show another side of Afghanistan in the media. Zainab is hopeful as well:

"I think little by little, I'll bring change."

10/29/2015 - Texas Officials Raid Planned Parenthood

Just three days after Texas officials announced their plan to cut Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood, investigators from the state's Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) raided a handful of the women's healthcare provider's clinics, demanding patients' records and billing details as well as employee information.

Last week, state officials from the Texas Office of the Inspector General (a division of the HHSC led by Stuart Brown) served subpoenas to Planned Parenthood facilities in Brownsville, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio and ordered to surrender documents - including Medicaid records dating back to 2010 - to authorities within 24 hours. Though it has not been confirmed, local sources report officials are investigating suspicions of misspending of federal Medicaid funds on the part of the women's healthcare provider.

On Monday, in a letter to Planned Parenthood affiliates in Texas, the HHSC and Inspector General Brown (with support from Gov. Greg Abbott) announced the state will cancel contracts between Medicaid and the women's healthcare provider, accusing the organization of no longer capably "performing medical services in a professionally competent, safe, legal, and ethical manner," citing surreptitiously recorded videos of Planned Parenthood facilities which falsely claim to depict the trafficking of fetal body parts. Should Texas proceed in withdrawing Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood, the state will not only be in violation of federal law, but it will also cut off access to quality reproductive healthcare to tens of thousands of Texas women.

"Governor Abbott's political grandstanding is on full display this morning," said executive director of Planned Parenthood Votes Yvonne Gutierrez Thursday. "Representatives from the Texas Office of Inspector General showed up at Planned Parenthood centers in Brownsville, Houston, Dallas and San Antonio looking for an excuse to take healthcare away from thousands of women and men who rely on Planned Parenthood for preventative care."

An avalanche of anti-abortion legislation and state and federal investigations has descended on Planned Parenthood since the release of several deceptively edited and repeatedly debunked videos by the anti-abortion group Center of Medical Progress (CMP) and its leader David Daleidan. To date, all investigations - including those carried out in Texas - have found no evidence of wrongdoing on the part of Planned Parenthood.

On Thursday, Ken Lambrecht, Capital Region Chief Executive Officer of Planned Parenthood Texas fingered the attacks on Texas clinics as "politically motivated", dismissing the action as "a fishing expedition." Officials from the HHSC have declined to comment.

10/28/2015 - Gov. Cuomo Signs Women's Equality Bills Into Law

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo just signed into law several bills strengthening protections for women in the workplace as well as victims of sex trafficking, sexual harassment, and domestic violence in an effort to further women's equality in the state.

The new laws close loopholes that had allowed employers to have policies against sharing wage information and increases the amount of damages that can be collected in cases of wage theft; expands protections against workplace sexual harassment to include all employers, not just those with more than four employees; and allows recovery of attorneys' fees by successful plaintiffs in sex discrimination in employment and credit cases. One of the bills now requires employers to provide "reasonable accommodation for pregnant employees," thus adding protections for women workers from pregnancy discrimination. In addition, the bills package includes provisions to end housing discrimination against victims of domestic violence and increases penalties against sex traffickers.

The original package of bills, called the Women's Equality Act, had also contained legislation codifying into law the Supreme Court's 1973 decision Roe v. Wade and ensuring women in New York access to abortion services within 24 weeks of pregnancy or when necessary to protect her life, but was ultimately defeated and ruled "not germane" on a Senate vote of 32-30.

Despite the notable exclusion, NOW NY President Sonia Ossorio applauded Wednesday's signing. "These anti-discrimination bills address key challenges that span a woman's life," said Ossorio. "We are leveling the playing field for women at work and improving the lives of families at home."

But according to Dina Bakst, co-founder of A Better Balance, an organization that champions legislation to achieve a healthy work-life balance for families across the country, women still have a long road ahead. "We still have our work cut out for us to ensure full women's equality across the state," said Bakst, "but this huge step, years in the making, will make an enormous difference for women and families in New York."

10/28/2015 - Update: Deputy Fields Has Been Fired

BREAKING: The South Carolina deputy who attacked a female student at Spring Valley High School this week was fired, his boss announced this morning.

National shock and outrage followed the spread of cellphone footage on Monday showing Deputy Ben Fields violently attacking a female student for allegedly using her cell phone during class. Since then, Deputy Fields has been fired, and both local and federal investigations have been launched. Although these actions have been taken, charges are still being pressed against two students.

Niya Kenny is one of the students arrested who is facing charges. Kenny became upset at the treatment of her fellow classmate after Deputy Field flipped her over in her desk and dragged her to the front of the classroom. Kenny attempted to stand up for the girl, and was also arrested for "disrupting the school." Kenny has been released on a $1,000 bail.

Officers with the school resource program deny and injury to the student involved, but the student's attorney has reported that she suffers from back and neck injuries, has a cast on her arm, and a bruise on her head. A petition is being circulated to drop all charges against the two Spring Valley High School students.

Deputy Fields is no stranger to complaints about his actions and tactics as a school resource officer. He is set to stand trial in January 2016 for a lawsuit filed by a former student who alleges that Fields "recklessly targets African-American students with allegations of gang membership and criminal gang activity."

There has been a spotlight on the mistreatment of black women and girls recently, spearheaded by Kimberle Crenshaw and the African American Policy Forum (AAPF). The AAPF released a report last year titled "Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced, and Underprotected," which explains how girls of color face harsher school discipline than their white peers. The data collected reveals, among other things, that nationally black girls were suspended a startling six times more than white girls, while black boys were suspended three times as often as white boys.

10/27/2015 - Outrage Over Footage of Officer Assaulting Black Student in South Carolina High School

National shock and outrage has followed the spread of cellphone footage showing Deputy Ben Fields attacking a female student at Spring Valley High School in Columbia, South Carolina for allegedly refusing to leave her the classroom. The event has sparked national conversation on the disciplinary treatment of African American girls in schools.

The video shows the female student, who is African American, sitting at her desk in a classroom with other students. Deputy Fields, who is white, then puts his arm around the student's neck, throwing the chair and desk backwards to the floor where the Deputy then drags the student several feet before telling her to put her arms behind her back. It is reported that the Deputy was called to the classroom after the teacher and principal asked the student to leave the classroom because she was "disturbing the class," and she refused. Several students have now said that the Deputy was called to the classroom because the student was using her cell phone during class, according to Shaun King, who has been reporting on this story since it broke on Monday. This morning Sherriff Leon Lott, whose agency is in charge of the school resource program, asked that the US Justice Department conduct an independent investigation.

Tony Robinson Jr., who recorded the event, said, "I've never seen anything so nasty looking, so sick to the point that you know, other students are turning away, don't know what to do, and are just scared for their lives." He added, "That's supposed to be somebody that's going to protect us. Not somebody that we need to be scare off, or afraid."

"The cellphone footage says it all. This is horrific and unconscionable treatment of a student. How can students learn in an atmosphere of fear where they are being treated with zero respect?" asked Eleanor Smeal, President of the Feminist Majority Foundation.

The student was arrested and charged with "disturbing schools" and has since been released to the custody of her parents. A second student, Niya Kenny, was also arrested after she attempted to stand up for the student that Deputy Fields was attacked. Kenny has since been released on a $1,000 bail.

"I had never seen nothing like that in my life, a man use that much force on a little girl. A big man, like 300 pounds of full muscle. I was like 'no way, no way.' You can't do nothing like that to a little girl. I'm talking about she's like 5'6"," Kenny said.

Kenny's mother was shocked and upset, but says that she thinks her daughter did the right thing. "Looking at the video, who was really "disturbing the school," was it my daughter or was it the officer who came into the classroom and did that to the young girl?" she asked.

Deputy Fields is no stranger to complaints about his actions and tactics as a school resource officer. He is set to stand trial in January 2016 for a lawsuit filed by a former student who alleges that Fields "recklessly targets African-American students with allegations of gang membership and criminal gang activity."

There has been a spotlight on the mistreatment of black women and girls recently, spearheaded by Kimberle Crenshaw and the African American Policy Forum (AAPF). The AAPF released a report last year titled "Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced, and Underprotected," which explains how girls of color face harsher school discipline than their white peers. The data collected reveals, among other things, that nationally black girls were suspended a startling six times more than white girls, while black boys were suspended three times as often as white boys.

Crenshaw and the AAPF also released a report this summer titled "#SayHerName: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women," which highlights stories of Black women who have been killed by police, and studies forms of police brutality, such as sexual assault, that are often disproportionately experienced by women. "There is a paucity of data in cases of police violence against Black women, which perpetuates the myth that they are not impacted by this problem," the report says.

Crenshaw said in a press release, "Although Black women are routinely killed, raped and beaten by the police, their experiences are rarely foregrounded in popular understandings of police brutality."

Women and girls are often at the center of police violence. Since the #SayHerName campaign began, the hashtag has taken off on social media sparking marches, protests, rallies, and vigils across the country. Protests in San Fransisco and New York took place this summer, and were joined by family members of Tanisha Anderson, Rekia Boyd, Miriam Carey, Michelle Cusseux, Shelly Frey, Kayla Moore, and Alberta Spruill, all of whom are Black women killed by police violence.

10/26/2015 - Planned Parenthood Clinic Vandalized by Intruder With Hatchet

In the latest incident of violent anti-abortion extremism, an intruder wielding a hatchet ripped through a Planned Parenthood in Claremont, New Hampshire last week destroying telephones, medical equipment, computers and plumber fixtures, resulting in "significant" damage including flooding.According to Claremont law enforcement, a suspect, described only as a juvenile, was apprehended at the scene.

Wednesday's act of clinic violence marks the second in as many weeks at the Planned Parenthood of Northern New England. On October 6, vandals spray-painted the exterior of the Claremont facility with hate speech directed at the clinic's health care providers. The connection between the two incidents, if any, remains unclear. The clinic, which has operated without incident for 18 years, offers a range of healthcare services for both men and women and does not provide abortion services.

Women's reproductive healthcare providers have experienced a spike in acts of clinic violence and vandalism since the release of several fraudulent "sting" videos surreptitiously recorded by David Daleidan and the Center for Medical Progress (CMP), an anti-abortion group. The videos, which falsely claim to depict the trafficking of fetal body parts by Planned Parenthood, have been debunked repeatedly. Nonetheless, Planned Parenthood clinics nationwide have suffered arson, destruction of security cameras, removal of signage and graffiti at the hands of anti-abortion extremists in the months since their public distribution.

"This illegal activity is the second incident in New Hampshire since the recent escalation of attacks against Planned Parenthood," said Jennifer Frizzell, Planned Parenthood Northern New England's vice president for public policy. "These acts have no place in New Hampshire."

In a statement on Wednesday, New Hampshire governor Maggie Hassan called the vandalism "an attack on the fundamental right of women to access health care" and challenged communities statewide to stand up "against those who would undermine a woman's right to make her own healthcare decisions."

"Planned Parenthood provides critical primary and preventive health care services - including cancer screenings, birth control and STD testing - and access to these services is essential to the economic security and vitality of our families," said Hassen. "It is long past time to end extreme attempts to block access to critical health services for women."

Planned Parenthood clinics have been under attack across the country in recent months. Last month a reproductive health clinic near Spokane, Washington was set on fire in what was determined by police as an arson. Proceeding this attack two Louisiana clinics suffered property damage when a unidentified perpetrator doused the construction site of a New Orleans Planned Parenthood with gasoline while in nearby Metairie, and a suspect allegedly removed signage from a local abortion clinic. And in March, a trespasser destroyed Mississippi's Jackson Women's Health Organization's security cameras and power generator.

10/23/2015 - New Report Details Growing Threat of Politicians 'Playing Doctor'

In a new report released last week, health and safety experts urged policymakers to consider the growing influence of US politicians in their electorate's most personal and private spaces: exam rooms.

Compiled by the National Partnership for Women and Families in collaboration with the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, the National Physicians Alliance (NPA) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), the report, entitled "Politics in the Exam Room: A Growing Threat", details how political influence has adversely affected the management of healthcare in the United States by highlighting three critical areas of concern: toxic exposure, gun safety and reproductive health. Each organization examined the "politically-motivated" restrictions affecting their particular area of expertise, warning of the potentially dangerous consequences of recent legislation protecting the fracking industry, "gag rules" to prevent physicians from talking to their patients about gun safety and TRAP laws.

"Quality health care must be based on evidence," said Debra L. Ness, president of the National Partnership for Women and Families. "Laws that put the words of politicians into the mouths of health care providers or mandate medically unnecessary procedures are outrageous and costly in every way."

The report concludes with a short list of recommendations urging lawmakers to "reject or repeal" legislation that encroaches on the patient-provider relationship or requires physicians to defy ethical standards and practices. It also urges physicians and their patients to speak out in opposition of said policies which "undermine patient-centered care" and allow lawmakers to abuse their authority.

According to Ness, "the record number of abortion restrictions" affecting women's access to reproductive healthcare alone is a call to action. Since 2010, more than 280 abortion restrictions have been adopted by states like Arizona, Ohio and Texas, forcing patients to undergo medically-unnecessary procedures, endure biased and misleading counseling and suffer delays in their care.

"This kind of ideological encroachment on medical care must end," said Ness. "Women deserve ready access to high-quality, evidence-based health care, free of politics and ideology. It's past time that politicians exit the exam room."

10/21/2015 - PRESS RELEASE: Feminists Call on Yik Yak to Act

72 Women's and Civil Rights Groups Urge Education Department to Issue New Federal Guidelines to Protect Students from Harassment and Cyber-threats

WASHINGTON: Seventy-two national and local women's and civil rights groups joined together today to urge the Department of Education to issue new guidance for colleges and universities to do more to protect students from pervasive harassment and threats based on sex, race, or LGBT status carried out through anonymous social media applications, such as Yik Yak.

The groups are calling for the Education Department's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to remind schools of their legal obligations under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Students on college campuses throughout the country have with increasing frequency used anonymous social medial applications, such as Yik Yak, to target women students, students of color, and sexual minorities with harassment, threats and other forms of intimidation with impunity. Earlier this year, students at the University of Mary Washington (UMW), for example, were threatened through Yik Yak with rape and murder after they spoke out against rape culture. In 2013, student activists at Dartmouth College who spoke out against sexual assault, racism and homophobia became the target of anonymous online posts declaring that they would be raped, lynched and shot.

"When Feminists United told the UMW administration that our members were feeling unsafe in light of the threats and hate being propagated on Yik Yak, UMW offered us no real solutions or protection," said Feminists United at University of Mary Washington President Julia Michels. "Instead, we were told that the First Amendment prevented the school from taking action and that we should report the abuse to Yik Yak. The burden was placed on us- the targets- to protect ourselves even though the school has both the resources and the responsibility to create a safe campus for everyone."

"The fight to achieve equal educational opportunities is far from over," said Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF) President Eleanor Smeal. "No woman, person of color, or LGBT student should be afraid to go to college classes or participate in campus activities because they are being harassed or threatened to be raped or killed. This must end. Colleges and universities must let everyone know that intimidating students, whether in person or anonymously through social media, will not be tolerated, instances will be investigated, and perpetrators will be held accountable."

The fact that Yik Yak's posting is anonymous, and that the online app is accessible without using university servers has led many universities to disclaim responsibility for harassment and threats that occur on that platform, even though these threats are made on campus and significantly interfere with students' equal access to education.

Today, a broad coalition of civil rights groups urge the OCR to issue clear guidance concerning anonymous social media: information about what steps educational institutions must take to determine whether unlawful harassment is occurring on these platforms, without forcing victims themselves to police these platforms, and a clear path that educational institutions must follow to identify and prosecute anonymous harassers.

According to Smeal, "So much of young people's social interaction now takes place online. It is, therefore, essential that OCR make clear that an educational community that permits, even protects, vicious discrimination on the basis of gender is not fulfilling its obligations under the law- whether the harassment takes place online or face to face. "

Also today, Debra S. Katz, founding partner at Katz Marshall & Banks, released a letter to Yik Yak's founders, Chief Executive Officer Tyler Droll and Stephen Brooks Buffington, calling on them to strengthen Yik Yak's policies to prevent hateful targeting and harassment of students on college campuses.

"Yik Yak can and must take responsibility to prevent its app from continuing to be used as a weapon to target individuals and vulnerable groups and as a megaphone for hate mongering," said Katz, whose firm earlier this year filed a Title IX complaint concerning Yik Yak against UMW on behalf of individual students, Feminists United and FMF. "Yik Yak cannot continue to turn a blind eye to the egregious incidents of sexual and racial harassment and threats on college campuses happening on its platform while simultaneously touting the app for its ability to create 'community.' Yik Yak can, and must, do more to help remedy this problem."

Ms. Katz also announced that the Office of Civil Rights has accepted for investigation the complaint she filed against the University of Mary Washington in May, charging the school with failing to protect students from a threatening and sexually hostile campus environment fostered by sexist, sexualized and violent posts via Yik Yak.

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10/21/2015 - Texas to Cut Medicaid Funding to Planned Parenthood

On Monday, Texas officials announced the state will cut Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood, violating federal law and denying critical reproductive health care to tens of thousands of Texas women.

In a letter to Planned Parenthood's affiliates in the state, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission Office of the Inspector General Stuart Bowen accused the women's healthcare provider of no longer capably "performing medical services in a professionally competent, safe, legal, and ethical manner" and announcing the withdrawal of funding for the organization through the state's Medicaid program. Texas Governor Greg Abbott (R) joined Bowen in condemning the organization, citing the false claims of fetal tissue sale on behalf of Planned Parenthood as justification for their exclusion.

A tidal wave of anti-abortion legislation and state and federal investigations have threatened to topple the women's health care provider in the wake of several surreptitiously recorded "sting" videos released by David Daleidan and the Center for Medical Progress, an anti-abortion group. The videos were later found to be deceptively-edited and fraudulent. To date, all investigations have found no wrongdoing on the part of Planned Parenthood.

"In every state where this fraudulent smear campaign has been invoked, Planned Parenthood has fought for our patients to continue getting the high-quality, compassionate health care we provide, and in every state we've won," said Dawn Laguens, executive vice president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA).

According to federal law, Medicaid beneficiaries may obtain services - including family planning - from the provider of their choice. By eliminating Planned Parenthood's Medicaid funding, states like Texas are willfully limiting access to the healthcare of their citizens' choosing, providing reasonable grounds to file suit.

Considered one of the most hostile states for reproductive rights, Texas has gutted family planning services statewide, imposing dangerous TRAP laws that have shuttered all but 19 abortion clinics and increased wait times for services of up to 23 days.

"What's happening today in Texas should be a national scandal," said Laguens. "It is completely outrageous that Texas officials are using throughly discredited, fraudulent videos to cut women off from preventive health care, including cancer screenings, HIV testing, and birth control. We will fight back against this outrageous, malicious, political attack in Texas with everything we've got, and we will protect women's access to the health care they need and deserve."

10/20/2015 - California Gov. Signs Bill Protecting Workers from Wage Theft

In a victory for low-wage workers victimized by unscrupulous employers, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a new bill that holds individuals and corporations accountable for unpaid wages promised to their employees under the law.

The measure, called The Fair Day's Pay Act, gives the California Labor Commissioner's Office the authority to penalize employers found guilty of wage theft and to collect on judgements directly on behalf of laborers. Employers as well as any subsequent business created in their likeness to evade penalties must post a bond between $50,000 and $150,000 or risk the statewide banning of their operations. If employers remain delinquent in their debt, the bill empowers the Labor Commissioner's Office to authorize a stop-work order against them or attach a lien to the employer's property. The law ensures companies who contract out employees - for janitorial services, landscaping, and valet parking, for example - are held liable as well.

Though California is home some of the country's strongest labor unions, wage theft among immigrant and low-wage workers persists. In Los Angeles alone, dubbed "the wage theft capital" of the United States, some $26.2 million in wages are stolen from laborers every week. Moreover, according to a 2013 study from the UCLA Labor Center and National Employment Law Project, only 17 percent of workers who took their employers to task for stolen wages were able to recover any back pay, their employers often forming shell corporations or handing over operations to another entity in order to avoid fulfilling court orders - a fact Sen. Kevin de Leon (D-Los Angeles), the measure's author, cites as motivation for the bill's urgent enactment.

"There have been a lot of judgements against dishonest businesses; the problem has been the collection," said de Leon. "this is going to provide a level playing field for the honest businesses who pay their workers, and help workers collect the pay they've earned."

For David Huerta, President of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) United Service Workers West, who in partnership with several labor organizations including the Koreatown Immigrant Workers Alliance (KIWA) and the Wage Justice Center championed the bill's passage, the law addresses more than just wage fairness.

"Victims of wage theft are very often immigrants, women and people of color," said Huerta. "[The Fair Day's Pay Act] is about more than just economic rights, it's about civil rights and immigrant rights. It took years of effort, but workers and community leaders came together and showed that we can win economic justice for the people of California."

10/20/2015 - Arizona Judge Blocks Restrictive Anti-Abortion Law

An Arizona judge permanently blocked a 2012 anti-abortion law on Thursday that would have severely restricted medication abortions, ruling the measure would have violated the state's Constitution by allowing state lawmakers to assign legislative authority to outside entities.

HB 2036 would have forced physicians to strictly adhere to the FDA's guidelines for dosing and administering mifepristone and its companion drug misoprostol, requiring patients to schedule separate appointments in order to receive both medications in office and at a higher dosage than typically prescribed in practice. In addition, the law would have banned medication abortions after just seven weeks of pregnancy.

The law has been met with resistance since its inception. In April 2014, the Center for Reproductive Rights filed suit in Maricopa County Superior Court against the measure, arguing lawmakers did not have the authority to grant the FDA and drug companies the power to set state standards. A federal suit on behalf of Planned Parenthood Arizona followed soon after, resulting in a temporary injunction which in turn reversed a federal judge's previous ruling to allow the rules to take effect. Last September, Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne petitioned the Supreme Court to review the judgement. The federal case was postponed pending the state court's decision. And earlier this summer, Arizona health care providers filed a complaint in federal court challenging the law.

The combination of mifepristone and misoprostol (known as Mifeprex in the United States) is the safest and most effective abortion methods available. Approximately 1 in 4 women have chosen medication abortion to end their pregnancies since the FDA approved its use in 2000, with nearly half of all women seeking abortions in Arizona having used the method.

Last week's decision arrives just one week prior to Arizona's scheduled courtroom deliberation of yet another anti-abortion law, SB 1318, which requires physicians to provide medically unproven information about medication abortion to their patients, including the falsehood that the method is reversible. The trial has since been delayed.

"Whether by restricting a safe method of ending an early pregnancy or forcing doctors to lie to their patients, Arizona politicians have made it their mission to cut off access to safe and legal abortion," said David Brown, Staff Attorney at the Center for Reproductive Rights. "Today's ruling is one more key victory in ensuring Arizona women continue to have access to all available options when it comes to their health, safety, and rights. Women's constitutional rights are not up for debate and facts must always prevail over politics."

10/19/2015 - Dangerous TRAP Laws Blocked in Ohio and Oklahoma

This week, women's healthcare providers in Ohio and Oklahoma challenging anti-abortion legislation have succeeded in blocking dangerous TRAP laws in two of the most hostile states in the nation for reproductive rights.

On Tuesday, in a lawsuit filed by Planned Parenthood Southwest Ohio, a federal court issued a preliminary injunction blocking the enforcement of HB64, a 2015 measure which automatically suspends ambulatory surgical facilities (ASFs) licenses should the state's Department of Health deny an application for variance or neglect to process it within 60 days of receipt. Facilities providing abortion care must also maintain written transfer agreements with hospitals within 30 miles, though clinics are banned from acquiring such agreements from public hospitals.

According to Kellie Copeland, NARAL Pro-Choice Ohio's Executive Director, abortion providers should not be forced to adhere to "medically unnecessary" restrictions."Transfer agreements and license application restrictions do not improve patient care in any way," said Copeland. "In fact, the abortion restrictions signed by Gov. Kasich make it harder for women to access safe care from a doctor. They are bad policies and bad politics."

Ohio, which has also imposed a 24-hour waiting period for abortions as well rigid regulations on medication abortion, has seen the number of clinics drop from 14 in 2013 to just 9 statewide. Tuesday's decision will keep two of those remaining nine open.

Meanwhile in Oklahoma, a state court judge ordered a measure banning dilation and evacuation abortions (D and Es) - the most common second-trimester termination procedure - be blocked on Wednesday.

In the eighth lawsuit in five years filed by the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR) targeting TRAP laws nationwide, the court granted a temporary injunction against HB 1721, a measure criminalizing abortion providers performing D and Es in Ohio, fining them $10,000 or a sentencing of up to two years in prison for carrying out the procedure. The judge left intact HB 1409, however, permitting doctors to refuse to perform abortion on ethical, moral or religious grounds and forcing women seeking abortions to wait 72 hours for the procedure.

President and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights Nancy Northup calls the repeated legislative actions by conservative lawmakers in the state "unacceptable." Oklahoma politicians have made it their mission to block women from safe and legal abortion when they need it most, trampling the rights afforded to women by their state constitution in the process," said Northup. "When faced with an unintended pregnancy, Oklahoma women need high-quality care, not forced delays or measures that criminalize their doctors."

HB 1409 is scheduled to take effect November 1.

10/16/2015 - LGBT Californians Make Legal Strides

Wednesday Oct. 7 marked a big day for LGBT Californians; Gov. Jerry Brown (D) signed into law four bills that protect same-sex families, LGBT students and many more.


Each of the four bills targets a different flaw in existing law:

  • AB 959, authored by Assemblymember David Chiu (D), requires certain state health and social service agencies to collect sexual orientation and gender identity data from those they serve. Advocates say this will stop the erasure of queer folks from demographic records and ensure the LGBT community is being adequately served.

  • AB 960, also authored by Chiu, protects parental rights for same-sex couples who undergo assisted reproduction.

  • AB 827, authored by Assemblymember Patrick O'Donnell (D), requires the State Department of Education to ensure teachers have adequate resources to help LGBT youth who face bullying or other safety issues in school. Queer youth have a higher dropout rate than their peers, due in part to the social exclusion they face.

  • SB 703, authored by Senator Mark Leno (D), prohibits businesses contracting with the state from denying benefits to workers based on their gender identity, protecting transgender Californians from discrimination.

"We are deeply grateful to both Gov. Brown and the legislators who authored and got these bills passed," said Rick Zbur, executive director of Equality California, a co-sponsor of all four bills. "California continues to lead the nation recognizing and protecting LGBT people as fully equal members of society thanks to their leadership."

10/16/2015 - Gender Gap Persists for Women Seeking Nobel Science Prizes

According to a recent analysis by Fortune, women scientists pursuing their field's top prizes have one major obstacle to overcome that their male peers do not: gender bias.

Of the 870 individuals and 23 organizations awarded the Nobel Prize since its inception in 1901, women have received the award just 49 times, compared to men who have been honored 825 times in the prize's history. The gender gap is widest in the fields of physics, chemistry and medicine with only 1 percent, 2.33 percent, and 5.71 percent awarded to women respectively over 114 years. This year alone, seven men won Nobel Prizes for their contributions to physics (2 recipients), chemistry (3 recipients), medicine (2 recipients) while only one woman - Tu Youyou and her work in treating malaria - recognized in medicine.

Fortune's findings are disappointing, but not surprising. A 2012 study showed science professors in universities nationwide regarded their female undergraduate students as less competent than their male counterparts, despite demonstrating the same skills and achievements, a perception which limits job and mentorship opportunities for the women. Last month, the Journal of the American Medical Association published a report revealing women scientists receive less early-career funding than men, affecting their ability to build labs, conduct analyses, publish findings and procure grants for future research. Without equal access to the vital resources necessary to achieving their professional goals, women scientists are more unlikely to have a career in their chosen field, much less receive recognition for it.

Fortunately, the numbers of women winning world's top prizes for innovation are increasing every year, though modestly. Between 2000 and 2015, women received 19 Nobel Prizes, up from 11 between 1981 and 2000 and 5 between 1961 and 1980. For Göran Hansson, secretary for the committee for the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine, the growth is "not impressive," but is nonetheless an improvement. "I looked at prize statistics for medicine, and in the last 30 years, we had eight laureates," said Hansson. "In the last 10 years, we had four, so clearly an increasing proportion, which reflects that more women are going into the sciences and making fantastic careers."

10/15/2015 - Oklahoma State Court Blocks One Anti-Abortion Measure, Allows Another

A state court blocked an Oklahoma measure yesterday that would have banned the most commonly used method of second trimester abortion. Judge Patricia Parrish allowed, however, a measure that will triple the state's mandatory waiting period from 24 hours to 72 for all women seeking abortion services beginning in November.

Judge Parrish issued a temporary injunction for HB 1721, which would have banned the dilation and evacuation abortion procedure, a safe and common method of second trimester abortion. The Center for Reproductive Rights filed a lawsuit earlier this month to challenge the law, resulting in Judge Parrish's ruling yesterday.

Nancy Northup, President and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights, applauded the court's decision to block the law that would ban this safe and common method of abortion, however she also criticized the court's decision to allow the dramatic tripling of Oklahoma's mandatory waiting period.

"Today's ruling falls short of recognizing women as capable decision-makers who do not need to be told to go home and wait at least three days before they can get the care they need. Oklahoma women already face incredible obstacles when they need to legally and safely end a pregnancy and this law only makes matters worse," Northup said.

In August, anti-abortion lawmakers in Oklahoma attempted to pass a bill banning medication abortion past 7 weeks, requiring patients to undergo an unnecessary surgical procedure rather than using medications alone. Judge Parrish also was the one to issue a ruling in this case, and found that the restrictions clearly violated the state constitution.

10/15/2015 - Activists Rally for Latina Equal Pay Day

Women of every race and ethnicity experience a gender pay gap in the United States, but for Latina women that wage gap is staggering. On average, women are paid 79 cents for every dollar that a white man is paid, while for Latina women are paid only 56 cents.

Today, ten months into the calendar year, is the Latina Equal Pay Day. In other words, this is the day when Latina women finally catch up to white non-Hispanic men's annual earnings from 2014.

A recent study by the National Women's Law Center revealed that Latina women are underpaid at every education level, with the largest gab between those with the least education. The study revealed disturbing discrepancies in pay, including that Latinas with a bachelor's degree are paid almost the same as white men with only a high school education. Similarly, there exists a wage gap across occupations.

Democratic women in Congress have been pushing for legislation that would greatly lessen the gender pay gap experienced by women in the workforce, as well as prevent retaliation against women seeking pay parity. The Paycheck Fairness Act, introduced in the Senate in 2013, would prohibit retaliation for sharing pay information, as well as require employers to prove that any pay disparity is not on the basis of sex. It has since been blocked by Republicans in the Senate more than once. Earlier this year California Governor Jerry Brown was set to sign a similar bill that was called "the strongest equal pay law in the nation."

Research by the American Association of University Women shows that Latina women are an increasingly influential constituency in the United States. As a powerful and growing voting bloc AAUW advises presidential candidates to take a special note to the gender wage gap by addressing the challenge.

A Twitter storm about Latina Equal Pay Day will be held today from 3:30-4:30 pm ET co-hosted by the American Association of University Women, the Feminist Majority, and the National Women's Law Center among other organizations using the hashtag #LatinaEqualPay.