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1/30/1998 - Police Officer Murders Wife

Philadelphia Police Officer Carl Selby was arrested for drunk driving and charged with shooting his wife twice in the head as she slept. Selby denied killing his wife while his six year-old daughter slept nearby, and presented police with hand and typewritten letters which threatened his wife and daughter, that were sent or left at his home. Officials believe that Selby wrote the letters himself, attempting to frame a man whom he had arrested.

Investigators found a .38-caliber revolver issued by the police in the home. There were no signs of forced-entry or stolen materials. Selby knew his wife, Pamela, was about to leave him, after discovering that he was having an affair.

1/30/1998 - Clinton Condemns Abortion Clinic Bombing

President Clinton denounced the bombing of a Birmingham, Alabama clinic in which a clinic security officer was killed and a nurse was seriously injured. “I strongly condemn the senseless violence that claimed the life of an off-duty police officer and injured others in Birmingham, Alabama... This bombing was an unforgivable act that strikes at the heart of the constitutional freedoms and individual liberties all Americans hold dear,” said Clinton.

The President recalled the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE) that he passed into legislation, claiming that “We will continue to enforce that law to its fullest extent -- and to protect our nation’s family planning clinics.”

U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno has issued a statement confirming that the FBI and the federal Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms will be investigating the bombing.

1/29/1998 - Pap Smear Computer Checks Costly

A study conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Washington concluded that new computer systems used to double-check Pap smears for cervical cancer are more costly and no more effective than humans with microscopes. Researchers reported that the computer system found only six unusual slides among 5,478 that had already been checked and deemed normal. However, experts reported that none of those six slides showed evidence of cancerous cells.

According to the American Cancer Society 14,500 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 4,800 women die of the disease annually .

1/29/1998 - California Ordered to Continue Welfare Benefits

The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals voted to uphold a ruling that prohibits California from cutting welfare benefits to families who have recently moved to the state. Mark Rosenbaum of the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California said, “We are thrilled. It takes the foot of the governor off the backs of poor women and children.”

State lawmakers had intended to reduce benefits to welfare recipients who had lived in California less than 12 months to the level of benefits that they had received in their previous state. The reduction would have cut some benefits from $500 to as little as $120 per month.

The federal court agreed with the previous ruling by Sacramento trial judge David Levi that welfare cuts would violate U.S. Constitutional guarantees of equal protection under the law.

1/29/1998 - Quebec Judge Rules Rape Result of Culture

Women’s rights and Haitian groups are outraged over a ruling by a Quebec judge sentenced two Haitian men to house arrest for the gang rape of a young Haitian woman. Judge Monique Dubreuil sentenced Patrick Lucien and Evens Sannon to 100 hours of community service and 18 months of house arrest. Also, the assailants are not allowed to contact the victim.

Prosecutor Helene DiSalvo asked for four and five years for Lucien and Sannon, respectively. The judge commented on her controversial, mild sentence, “the absence of regret of the two accused seems to be related more to the cultural context, particularly with regard to relations to women.”

Eric Faustin, director of a Haitian religious organization in Montreal said, “She’s saying it’s normal for Haitian men to carry out group rape and not feel any remorse. I find that outrageous.” Women’s rights activist Evelyne Margron condemned the ruling, “The judge is saying that Haitian women consent to being sexually assaulted. It is as false in Haiti as elsewhere. I fear that if the victim had been a white Canadian, the judge would have been less lenient.”

1/29/1998 - Explosion Kills Police Officer, Injures Nurse at AL Women's Clinic

An explosion killed an off-duty police officer and critically injured a clinic nurse at Birmingham's New Woman, All Women Health Care Clinic around 7:30 a.m. Central time this morning.

The police officer and nurse were transported to the University of Alabama hospital, where the nurse is receiving treatment for her injuries. Authorities evacuated a four-block area surrounding the clinic, including two nearby University of Alabama-Birmingham dorms, and are searching for additional explosive devices within a one-mile radius of the clinic.

Authorities will not enter the building until a bomb squad finishes its work, for fear that a second explosion might occur. Just over a year ago, a family planning clinic in Atlanta was hit by two bombs, and all six of the resulting injuries were caused by the second blast.

The blast blew out the windows of the clinic and of an office building located across the street, ripped an awning over the clinic's door, and scattered thick, grey smoke and black debris into the street.

Occupants of nearby buildings attested to the severity of the blast. UAB student Lindsey Thompson said "It felt like lightening had hit the building." Michele Wilson, a volunteer at the Summit Medical Care Clinic, an abortion clinic located one block away from the explosion, said the impact knocked things off the walls there.

Officials from the Atlanta Bomb Task Force, the FBI, and the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms are on the scene and investigating. There are currently no suspects, but officials are interviewing many witnesses.

Call 1-888-ATF-BOMB to give leads on suspects.

1/29/1998 - Abortion Access Decreasing in Canada

On the tenth anniversary of Canada's Supreme Court ruling that decriminalized abortion, pro-choice activists worry that violent attacks on abortion providers and political pressure are making it harder for women to gain access to the procedure.

Before the January 1988 ruling, women could obtain abortions only in a hospital setting with the approval of a three-doctor committee. The Supreme Court declared the abortion law unconstitutional, saying it "clearly interferes with a woman's physical and bodily integrity."

Access to abortion is decreasing in Canada. Many provinces refuse to cover all or any of the costs of the abortion within the Canadian universal health-care system and anti-abortion groups, such as the Campaign Life Coalition, are intensifying efforts to prohibit public funding of the procedure.

Abortion providers throughout Canada face a daily risk of violence from anti-abortion extremists. Three shootings of doctors who perform abortions occurred in November of 1994, 1995 and 1997. The doctors were each wounded by shots fired through the windows of their homes. Today, doctors who provide abortions are taking precautions, some even wear bullet-proof vests.

Abortion supporters worry that the risk involved has resulted in the shrinking numbers of abortion providers. "I feel that police are not giving enough attention and priority to finding the perpetrator of these attacks," said Dr. Henry Morgentaler, the abortion-provider who fought for the 1988 Supreme Court decision. Morgentaler, 74, still performs abortions after repeated trials, 10 months in prison and a 1992 bombing of his Toronto clinic. Morgentaler believes that legalizing abortion has lowered the infant mortality rate, reduced the number of unwanted children in Canada and virtually eliminated unsafe, illegal abortions.

1/28/1998 - Sri Lanka Woman Receives Lashes, Jail Sentence for Pregnancy

A housemaid in Sri Lanka will receive 120 lashes, a two-year prison sentence and will be deported from her country for becoming pregnant by her Bangledeshi boyfriend. Sex outside marriage is banned in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), while adulterers can be stoned to death. Her boyfriend will receive 95 lashes and one month in prison after denying the charges.

1/28/1998 - Key West to Offer Spousal Benefits to Same-Sex Partners

Key West, Florida City officials voted unanimously to extend spousal benefits to unmarried worker’s domestic partners last week. The city has also started a domestic partner registry in which the city clerk will provide a certificate for to city residents for a $50 fee. Same-sex and heterosexual partners who obtain a certificate will be entitled to family leave.

1/28/1998 - German Bishops Ignore Pope, Continue Abortion Counseling

German bishops have announced their intention to continue issuing certificates to women saying that they received counseling before their abortion. The bishops are defying Pope John Paul II’s request that Roman Catholic agencies in Germany stop issuing the certificates, claiming that the certificates support abortion. The German government has urged the clergy to ignore the Pope and continue the counseling.

Women in Germany must provide certificates of counseling obtained from church groups, the Red Cross, or the state before they can have an abortion. The German bishops conference has stated that it would consider discontinuing the certificate program in March.

1/28/1998 - U.S. Supported Pipeline Will Continue, Despite Gender Apartheid in Afghanistan

Despite promises from oil companies to hold off on a $1.9 billion gas pipeline until there is a recognized government and peace in Afghanistan, Pakistan officials stated that the agreement between the nations is very close to being formalized. The pipeline will travel 105 miles in Turkmenistan, 462 in Afghanistan and 328 in Pakistan, pumping oil from a gas field in Daulatabad with a reserve of 25 trillion cubic feet.

Pakistan officials met directly with the Taliban militia rebels who have taken over much of Afghanistan. Pakistan’s Petroleum and Natural Resources Minister Chaudhry Nisar stated, “I convinced Afghans that this particular project was most important for Afghanistan for a number of reasons. If this project goes through, it will bring Afghanistan and most importantly, their government, on the international energy map.”

The Taliban met with Unocal, a United States oil and gas company, and decided to go ahead with the project. Unocal holds 46.5 percent of the stake in the line, and has begun training of Afghan men in the U.S. to build the pipeline.

The Feminist Majority, other women’s organizations and human rights groups worry that the pipeline, which would earn the Taliban $50 to $100 million a year, will lead to recognition of the Taliban government. The militia group has initiated a war of gender apartheid, banning women and girls from working, going to school, and from leaving their homes without wearing a “burqa,” a debilitating head-to-toe garment.

1/28/1998 - World Health Organization Nominates First Woman Director General

Former Prime Minister of Norway Gro Harlem Brundtland has been nominated director general of the World Health Organization. WHO organizes vaccination efforts, responds to epidemics, distributes medicine and tracks diseases. If Brundtland is elected in May she will be the first woman to head the WHO in its 50 year history, and will be the third woman to be appointed to a major U.N. post within a year.

The United States, which contributes 25% of WHO’s budget, announced its support for Brundtland earlier this month. U.S. representative to the U.N. in Geneva George E. Moose stated, “This is a great step forward for the World Health Organization. She is superbly qualified to lead the World Health Organization into the next century.”

1/27/1998 - Rape Used to Control, Intimidate Indian Women

Women’s organizations in India are outraged over increasing use of rape as a means of intimidation and punishment. “Not only is there an escalation in the number of rapes, but in the perversity of crimes against women,” said Indu Agnihotri, from the Centre for Women’s Studies.

The situation is worse in the north Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, where caste and gender divides are explicit. Judges have acquitted rapists due to their high caste status, stating that the rape of a lower-caste woman could not have taken place. “Lower-rung police officials are not responsive and either do not register complaints or falsify or delay them,” said Kokila Vyas of the National Commission for Women (NCW) in India.

Women who are working for social justice often face the greatest risk of being raped. In 1993, an activist of the Narmada Bachao Andolan in Gujarat who resisted expulsion from her land was gang-raped by police. A lower-caste woman who was leading an anti-liquor movement was stripped, led around naked and raped by men working for the liquor lobby. Land owners and members of the security forces also rape women of lower caste regularly, as a means of subordinating the women.

Women’s groups are crying out for change. “If they think they can silence us with rape, they are mistaken. We will never take it lying down. We are now stronger than ever before,” stated activist Sumli Bai.

1/27/1998 - Domestic Violence Costly in Britain

A major study conducted by three universities reported that one woman in nine is a victim of severe domestic violence in Britain. Members of the research team, who was given access to emergency and social service files, found that thousands of women were seeking help in local area hospitals and service organizations.

Dr. Elizabeth Stanko of Brunel University said, “We have to get away from the idea that domestic violence is something hidden; public services are dealing with it day-in and day-out. It is only hidden in the sense that virtually no public agency could account for how much they spent on domestic violence.”

The study, called Counting the Costs, was aimed at estimating the expenses of domestic violence in England. Reports claim that more than one billion pounds (1.6 billion dollars), or 90 pounds (150 dollars) per household was spent annually.

Joan Ruddock, the minister for women, commented on the study, “Domestic violence is a crime and cannot be tolerated. To put a financial cost on such unacceptable behavior fails to recognize the emotional and physical hurt placed on women and children. We are determined to tackle this scourge of society.”

1/27/1998 - Turkish Girls Attempt Suicides to Avoid Virginity Tests

Human rights groups are outraged by the recent attempted suicides of five girls who wanted to avoid virginity tests in Turkey. The five girls, ages 12-16, chose to take rat poison and jump into a vat of water rather than face forced virginity tests. The girls survived and the tests were performed in the hospital.

Virginity tests, a centuries-old tradition in Turkey, are performed to measure a woman’s purity and loyalty to her family. Suicides are also commonplace, since the virginity test is often times inaccurate. Dilek Cindoglu, a sociologist who has studied the tests, said that “patriarchal control over women’s bodies has been reproduced through honor and shame codes.”

Recent controversy over the virginity tests arose when Isilay Saygin, state minister in charge of female and family affairs, supported government examinations of girls in state-run foster homes, stating the tests were needed to guide young women’s behavior. Human Rights Watch recently reported that the government was conducting virginity tests being run on hospital patients and prisoners.

1/27/1998 - First Ladies’ Library to Open in Ohio, Online

A new library and online bibliography dedicated to the first ladies of the United States will open this spring. The National First Ladies’ Library, located in the Canton, Ohio childhood home of Ida Saxton McKinley, will hold books, documents, audiotapes and journals.

The new library is “just kind of asking for equal time, trying to ensure there is equal focus and emphasis given and an equal history ... there’s a significant gap in our historical perspective because we do not chronicle the achievements , accomplishments and contributions of women,” said Frances Hughes Glendening, first lady of Maryland the library’s vice chairwoman.

The library is the brainchild of Mary Rodusky Regula, the wife of Rep. Ralph Regula (R-Ohio). All six living first ladies are honorary chairwomen of the library.

In addition, the library will recognize contemporary “first women” of achievement in an annual First Women Awards Dinner. The virtual library will be available to the public in February.

1/27/1998 - Home Depot Settles in Sex Discrimination Suit

Home Depot, the nation’s largest home improvement store, has agreed to a $65 million settlement in a 1994 sex discrimination lawsuit. Plaintiffs’ lawyers report that at least 6,000 valid compensation claims were filed.

The company was accused of discrimination in hiring, pay and promotions. Women claimed they were held in menial jobs, denied training and were not hired for management positions.

Home Depot will pay $22.5 million to the women’s lawyers, and will spend $17 million to upgrade its employment programs and to settle three other discrimination suits still pending.

1/26/1998 - Conservatives Claim Mothers Should Stay Home

Critics of President Clinton’s $21.7 billion child-care initiative argue that giving aid to working mothers only encourages women to work, rather than stay home with their children.

Clinton’s initiative proposes to improve the quality of child care, encourage businesses to provide or help employees pay for it, helps parents pay for child care by increasing tax credits, expands after-school and Head Start programs and doubles the number of parents who receive child-care subsidies. Although the proposal has attracted praise from child-care advocates, conservatives are focusing on whether women should be working at all. Senator Dan Coats said, “Some fundamental questions need to be asked about the importance of the mother-child attachment particularly in the very early years.”

Conservatives are claiming that stay-at-home mothers need to be given the same recognition and aid as working mothers. Heidi Brennan, public policy director for Mothers at Home said, “Members of Congress on both sides are scared of the feminists. Child-care ideologues are very organized, and they control this issue.”

Not all Republicans are critical of the new child-care proposal. Rep. Marge Roukema stated, “Contrary to the opinion of many, most women are not working simply out of personal or professional ambition. Many are single mothers. But even with two workers, it is an economic necessity to work. They are not running away from their children.”

Families that earn under $14,000 per year pay one-quarter of their income for child care, and more than one third of the providers leave their jobs citing low wages. And while low-income mothers may want to spend more time with their children, new welfare laws are forcing them out of their homes and into the workforce.

1/26/1998 - NOW Vies for Randall’s Air Miles

The National Organization for Women (NOW) has asked 13 airlines to relinquish Operation Rescue founder Randall Terry’s frequent flyer miles. Terry owes NOW millions of dollars in fines from court orders brought against him for violence he and fellow Operation Rescue workers wrought against abortion clinics over the last ten years.

Earlier this month, Terry, agreed to a permanent injunction which prohibits him from committing violent acts against clinics, the staff and patients, and from belonging to any groups which commit these acts. The agreement represented a partial victory for women’s organizations in NOW v. Scheidler, which prosecuted Terry under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.

1/26/1998 - L.A. County Settles, Pays $24 Mil. to Poor Women

Los Angeles County has agreed to pay $24 million to settle 49 claims that women and children on Medi-Cal died or were crippled during forced vaginal births. Doctors had been following a county policy to only perform vaginal deliveries for poorer women rather than Cesarean deliveries due to higher costs.

The county’s policy led to the deaths of two women and three infants. Forty-six now suffer from disabilities including paralysis and cerebral palsy due to the policy, which was terminated in 1995.

1/26/1998 - Harvard Law School Hires Lani Guinier

Lani Guinier became the first woman of color faculty member at Harvard Law School, which has been criticized for having only six minorities and nine women out of 67 tenured professors. Guinier commented that by joining Harvard she is, “building on the accomplishments of other women of color and people of all colors in legal education.”

Guinier was previously nominated by President Clinton to head the Justice Department’s civil rights division in 1993, but Clinton withdrew his nomination when conservatives attacked Guinier’s views on voting rights.

1/23/1998 - Gore Promises Support for Abortion Rights, Family Planning on Roe v. Wade Anniversary

Vice President Al Gore voiced his support for safe and legal abortion and pledged increased financial support for domestic and international family planning organizations at a National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL) Roe v. Wade 25th anniversary luncheon yesterday. Gore invited abortion rights advocates to "seek common ground" with anti-choice followers by working to make abortion rarer through better contraception and education.

Also marking the anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision to legalize abortion in Roe v. Wade was the annual "March for Life" anti-choice rally. The crowd included families, older adults and church congregations and at least 1,500 parochial high school and grade school students who were bussed in for the event. The march ended at the Supreme Court, where police in riot gear eventually dispersed the crowd.

1/23/1998 - EEOC, Grocery Store Chain Settle Lawsuit

Nob Hill Foods, a San-Francisco based grocery chain, has agreed to pay a $1.3 settlement in a suit that alleged the chain denied women and minorities jobs and promotions. The EEOC has also recommended that 175 women and minorities be hired and 70-75 women be promoted in the next 3 years.

Nob Hill has a history of relegating women to low pay, low status positions, while managerial and executive level positions are dominated by men. Susan McDuffie, director of the EEOC's San Francisco district office, said that promotions were posted and supposedly available to all employees, yet investigators found evidence that men were "tapped on the shoulder and told, 'Hey, do you want this promotion? It's yours.'"

Investigators also found evidence of sexual harassment and discrimination against African-Americans, Asians, and the disabled. Nob Hill allegedly violated federal law by asking job applicants about physical and mental disabilities.

1/23/1998 - Hormones PMS Culprits

A study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health confirms that premenstrual syndrome is indeed caused by hormones. Doctor’s evaluated 10 women who suffer from PMS, experiencing depression, irritability, anxiety before menstruation, along with 10 others who do not experience these symptoms.

Subjects were given leuprolide, which blocks normal hormone production, as well as doses of estrogen, proestrogen and dummy pills. The women received the estrogen and proestrogen experienced PMS-like symptoms.

The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, did not investigate why only about 2.5 percent of women suffer from PMS. Dr. Peter J. Schmidt, director of the research, commented, "It suggests that women with PMS have a different sensitivity to the mood-destabilizing effects of hormones."

1/23/1998 - Catholic Church Funds Cuban Anti-Abortion Group; Pope Denounces Abortion

The Cuban Catholic church has funded a small group called Pro-Vida (Spanish for "pro-life") for the past two years. Pro-Vida also receives financial support from Virginia-based Human Life International, which provides videos, literature, and anti-abortion campaign training.
During his recent visit to Cuba, the Pope denounced abortion, deeming it "an abominable crime, a senseless impoverishment of the person and of society itself."

Abortion has been legal in Cuba since the 1940’s and is free and easily accessible to the public in state hospitals. Health Minister Carlos Dotres said, "We don’t conceive of abortion as a contraceptive method. But we give those who choose it a hospital, so we don’t have deaths under poor conditions."