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2/3/1997 - Sixty Percent of Sex Offenders Out on Parole or Probation

A recently-released 1994 study conducted by the Justice Department and shows that 60% of sex offenders are out of jail on parole or probation. In general, 75% of offenders are out on parole. Thus, though still high at 60%, sex offenders are less likely to be out on parole than offenders of other crimes.

1/31/1997 - Twenty-four Women Accepted to Citadel for 1997-1998 School Year

Thirty-five women applied for next year's Citadel class, the Citadel has accepted twenty-four of the women. The college also says that a male cadet who had been accused of hazing two female cadets has resigned. The other ten cadets facing school disciplinary action hearings for the alleged hazing incidents will be dealt with by the end of February, according to the school's commandant, Joseph Trez

1/31/1997 - New Clothing Rules for Women Take Effect in Nigeria

A new ruling on dress codes has come into effect in Nigeria and women are no longer allowed to wear trousers or "immodest clothes." Women wearing trousers were turned away on January 29th from the administrative core of Nigeria's military government. Officials commented that these new rules were instituted to keep women of "easy virtue" from visiting the thirteen government ministries. One official commented on women with pant-covered legs, "These ladies find their ways into offices and pester top government officials for contracts, jobs or gifts by flaunting their bodies. It is about time we cleaned up."

1/31/1997 - Five State Legislators Aim to End Insurance Discrimination Against Domestic Abuse Victims

Insurance companies use medical reports, medical databases, public court documents and credit reports to identify victims of domestic abuse. The insurance companies then limit or deny coverage to these victims because of their increased risk. The non-partisan Center for Policy Alternative has coordinated the introduction of bills in California, Illinois, Georgia, New Mexico and Washington to stop this discrimination. The president of CPA, Linda Tarr-Whelan, noted that anywhere from 2 to 4 million women are abused each year commenting that the legislation was "an innovative approach by women legislators across the country to raise visibility and take action to correct an unacceptable practice." The legislation would prohibit insurers from: denying a claim based on domestic violence; requesting information about domestic violence; denying coverage or renewal of coverage; restricting coverage or charging higher premiums; and terminating coverage granted through the abuser's insurance plan. The legislation would also impose civil penalties and fines for insurance companies violating the law.

1/29/1997 - Diocese Nearly Bankrupt from Cost of Sex-Abuse Cases

One-hundred sixty-five clergy sex-abuse cases have nearly bankrupt the Diocese of Santa Fe since Archbishop Michael Sheehan took over the diocese three years ago and removed 20 priests. Though the amounts of settlements are sealed and victims have been sworn to secrecy, Sheehan estimated in 1993 that the sex-abuse cases might cost the diocese $50 million. Estimates made by victims’ rights groups foundz that the settlements probably averaged between $20,000 and $50,000. The diocese, which had to make up the difference in the amount not covered by insurance companies, has sold property and has wiped out the savings of individual church parishes to avoid bankruptcy.

Former Archbishop Robert Sanchez had been accused of sexual misconduct by three women before resigning in disgrace. In a deposition, Sanchez said he was not aware that sexual abuse was a crime.

Pedophile priests from around the country have been sent to a treatment center in Jemez Springs, but, instead of returning home after treatment, many were reassigned to New Mexico parishes where they continued their abuse of children. The diocese's 190 priests are now more carefully screened and must participate in seminars on pedophilia. Ten cases remain unsettled.

1/29/1997 - Fifth Soldier Accused of Sex Crime at Aberdeen

The Army announced on January 28 that a fifth soldier, Sgt. 1st Class William Jones, has been accused of sexual misconduct at Maryland's Aberdeen Proving Ground. If convicted, Jones faces up to six months in a military prison for indecent assault, being intoxicated on duty and failing to obey orders regarding student-instructor interaction involving six female trainees and one civilian employee. Jones has been reassigned to a maintenance division at Aberdeen.

On the same day, Sgt. 1st Class Theron Brown was granted a discharge, neither honorable nor dishonorable, on adultery and forcible sodomy charges rather than go through a court-martial. Two other sergeants and a captain have already been accused of rape and improper fraternizing with female recruits and face trials in March and April. Up to 17 instructors have also been suspended pending an investigation. Since the Army set up its toll-free hotline at 1-800-903-4241, 50 women have filed complaints that will be investigated. Aberdeen officials expect more charges to be filed.

At the Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina, a committee has been appointed to review the process of the integration of women into the formerly all-male military college. The five-member panel, headed by president emeritus retired Army General James Grimsely, will produce a report by mid-March on the assimilation process.

1/29/1997 - Ukraine Women form Women's Party

According to Allan Komrova, director of the Institute of Human Problems, a new group called the Women of Ukraine will soon enter into the politics of the country. Waiting to be registered, the new party plans to take part in the next presidential election. While women comprise 54 percent of the Ukrainian population, they make up only four percent of Parliament deputies. Komarova said, "Women of Ukraine, founded by 14 female scientists, journalists and members of women's groups, is the result of six years of studying the state of affairs in society." The group held its first congress on January 18.

1/28/1997 - FBI Reportedly to Interview Witness Linking Abortion Bombers to Olympic Bombing

The FBI has reportedly decided to interview an Atlanta architect who claims he recognizes a man connected with the Olympic bombing as one of three currently charged with bombing an abortion clinic in Spokane, Washington. The architect had earlier called the FBI twice to tell them of a man he saw wearing a backpack before the Olympic bombing; he also faxed the FBI's Atlanta office a sketch of the man he saw on July 25th (the day after the bombing) and again on Dec. 10th. FBI agents never followed up on the calls or on the faxes. He then called The Spokesman-Review after he saw a television report on three men accused of bombing an abortion clinic. The architect could identify one of the men as the one he saw in Atlanta. An anonymous FBI official commented, "It's moved to the No. 1 position down there in Atlanta, now, I'll tell you that."

1/28/1997 - Sick, Pregnant Woman in London In Danger of Losing Baby is Jailed Without Bail or Proper Medical Attention

Roisin McAliskey has been imprisoned in an English Prison in relation to a 1996 mortar bomb attack on a British Army barracks in Germany. McAliskey has not been formally charged with anything, she is facing extradition hearings to Germany which will occur sometime in April. Until then, she is being held in solitary confinement and being denied the medical attention she needs in order to recuperate from previous illness and to have her safe pregnancy. British Home Secretary Michael Howard overruled the prison warden's decision to allow her to walk for an hour in the prison's garden. A court-appointed physician has reportedly commented that he would lose his medical license if he ever treated a patient the way she is being treated. She currently suffers from serious asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. A midwifery has recommended that McAliskey be transferred to a hospital for treatment. This request was denied because she is being held under tight security and cannot interact with other inmates. Though several people have attempted to put up large amounts of bail for her, courts have denied her bail four times.

1/28/1997 - Study Reveals Amount of Money Women Need to Get Off Welfare

A coalition of women's groups have presented legislators with a study conducted by the Wider Opportunities for Women group which analyzes the amount of money women need in order to successfully escape from welfare. The study was conducted using U.S. Department of Housing and Urban development data and child-care cost surveys. In urban California, women must find jobs that pay two or three times the minimum wage. For example, in Los Angeles, to meet housing, child care, transportation and medical needs, a woman with one young child needs to earn $13.07 an hour to cover expenses. Depending on the age of the children, a woman in Los Angeles with two children would have to make anywhere from $13.42 to $17.10 an hour to cover similar expenses. The coalition of women's groups are urging that the government use the study to devising job and training programs for the millions of women on welfare who will be required to move from government assistance into the workplace. Irma Herrera of the San Francisco based Equal Rights Advocates commented that if women do not have the training necessary for jobs that pay enough to meet a family’s basic needs, families will only be pushed further and further into poverty. Approximately 85% of adults on welfare are women.

1/28/1997 - Lesbian and Gay Rights Groups Prepare for Kentucky's 1998 Legislative Session

Lesbian and gay rights groups are preparing for a series of laws which, if introduced and passed, would outlaw sodomy and ban same-sex marriage in Kentucky. A new coalition in the Senate composed of five Democrats and eighteen Republicans now wields the largest voting block; members of the group have been the chief proponents of anti-lesbian and gay legislation. Senator Gex Williams, a Verona Republican commented, "I think the defense of marriage is an issue, and sodomy is related to that, and that will be an issue we will not be able to avoid." Last year Larry Saunders (D-Louisville), who currently serves as the Senate President, introduced a bill banning same-sex marriage in Kentucky, but the bill never made it out of committee.

1/27/1997 - FBI Lead in Olympic Bombing Related to Abortion Clinic Bombing

A Washington state based newspaper has reported that three men, currently charged with bombing an office of The Spokesman and a Spokane Planned Parenthood clinic, are the FBI's strongest lead in the Atlanta Centennial Olympic Park bombing. Though the men are not yet considered suspects, the paper cites circumstantial evidence linking the three Idaho men to the bombing. The men are currently held without bail for the newspaper and clinic bombings; they were arrested after a military surplus dealer reported that he had sold the men a parka and military backpack that was worn by a masked gunman in a bank surveillance photo. The dealer also spoke with the men about how to operate time-delay detonators and told them how to wash fingerprints off the backpack. The Centennial Park bomb was placed in a military backpack and triggered by a battery-operated timer.

The men, Charles Barbee, Robert Berry and Verne Jay Merrell belong to the Phineas Priesthood, a white supremacist group. Barbee worked for AT&T but quit the company in 1995 because he considered it "immoral." He complained that the company held sensitivity workshops on homosexuals, encouraged managers to give to the United Way, and mistreated Christian white men. He also noted that women comprised half the workforce when they should have been at home taking care of their families as God mandated. He advocated "guerrilla warfare." The Olympic bombing happened near the AT&T global village.

1/27/1997 - Grocery Chain Pays $81.5 Million to Settle Class-Action Sex-Bias Suit

The Florida based Publix Super Markets Inc. has agreed to pay $81.5 million to settle a class-action sex discrimination suit. Female employees brought the suit claiming that the chain, which operates 534 stores in the Southeast, placed them in dead-end jobs and denied them promotions. The women also claimed that they were given poor reviews because of their gender, were treated harshly when pregnant and were given more severe treatment when punished than men. Twelve plaintiffs, who originally brought the suit, settled with the chain; the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission joined the suit on behalf of the plaintiffs. Approximately 150,000 female employees are eligible to seek a share of the settlement.

In the past few years, other supermarket chains have also settled large sex-bias suits. In 1994 Lucky Stores Inc., based in California, paid $107 million to approximately 12,000 female employees. Also in 1994, Safeway Stores Inc. paid $7.5 million to approximately 4,000 female employees. Albertson's Inc. settled a sex-bias suit for $32.5 million to settle a sex-bias suit involving 3,500 women. The Oakland based law firm, Saperstein, Goldstein, Demchak & Baler initiated all of the lawsuits.

1/27/1997 - Woman Who Brought Aberdeen Sex Scandal Receives Honorable Discharge

The Army has honorably discharged for hardship reasons Jessica Bleckley, the eighteen year-old who claimed that a drill sergeant at Aberdeen Proving Ground sexually harassed and threatened to kill her. Bleckley’s claims sparked an investigation into Aberdeen and has made the Army the focus of several investigations related to sexual harassment. Since her allegations, four instructors at Aberdeen have been charged with sexual crimes, including rape.

1/27/1997 - Laws Covering Parental Custody Often Shut Out Lesbian Mothers

For years lesbian and gay rights advocates have fought for courts to award once married homosexuals legal recognition of parenting rights. Now, Gay rights advocates have a somewhat different problem - lesbians and gay men who break up with their same-sex partners and seek custody of children which the couple adopted or gave birth to as a result of artificial insemination during the relationship. The National Center for Lesbian Rights reports that more and more lesbians and gays who have formed families without legal recognition often end up without any legal recourse after a break-up. In 1991 a northern California state appeals court rejected arguments that a lesbian should be given legal standing to seek parental rights for her child because she was the de facto parent of two children born to her former partner during their relationship. The court ruled that to extend her the legal definition would "expose other natural parents to litigation brought by child care providers of long standing, relatives, successive sets of stepparents or other close friends of the family."

1/27/1997 - Kentucky Legislature to Consider Series of Anti-Abortion Bills

The Kentucky Legislature will consider a host of anti-abortion bills in the 1998 legislative session. The new Senate leader, Larry Saunders (D-Louisville), said recently that while he does not expect bills which restrict access to abortions all together to pass, he does expect two anti-abortion bills to pass. One would mandate a 24 hour waiting period for women and another deals with increased regulations of abortion clinics.

1/27/1997 - FBI Investigates Oklahoma Abortion Clinic Bombing

In light of the January 16th bombing of an Atlanta abortion clinic, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has taken over the investigation of the January 18th bombing of a clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma. On January 20, the FBI released a tape recording of a male caller who claimed responsonbility for two abortion clinic bombings last September in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. The man said, "Yesterday, I firebombed your abortion clinic. Next time, I'll blow it clean off the map. Me and my buddies are out to get you. You better tell your employees it's going to get dangerous." The FBI hopes the release will lead to the identification of the man's voice. Abortion rights groups have condemned the bombings as acts of terrorism.

The Tulsa Reproductive Services Clinic was bombed on January 1, 1997 and again on January 19th. The abortion clinic, which offers a variety of family planning services, sustained minor damage and was closed for an afternoon after a bomb went off at the back of the clinic. No one was injured, and police do not yet have any suspects.

The bombing came three days after an Atlanta abortion clinic was bombed twice and a month after an abortion doctor in New Orleans was stabbed fifteen times around the neck, chest and shoulders by an anti-abortion extremist.

1/24/1997 - Mammogram Panel Produces Hung Jury

A special panel convened by the National Institutes of Health concluded on January 23rd to leave the decision of whether or not women in their forties should receive mammograms to the women themselves. The panel decided that it could not recommend that women in their forties should definitely or should definitely not have mammograms. Some specialists argue that the mammograms can provide early detection crucial to saving women with breast cancer. Others argue that the benefits are outweighed by false positives which lead to unnecessary treatments and surgery.

The panel did agree that women over fifty should have regular mammograms and that women under thirty should not have them.

1/24/1997 - Hawaii House Bans Same-Sex Marriages

On January 23rd, the Hawaii House of Representatives voted 44 - 7 to approve an amendment to the state constitution which would outlaw same-sex marriages. Lawmakers, in an effort to undo recent court rulings, are now sending the expedited measure to the Senate, where it is expected to pass easily. If approved by the Senate, the amendment would go before voters in November of 1998. In 1993 the state's high court ruled that a measure banning same-sex marriages violated the state Constitution's equal protection clause

1/24/1997 - Air Force Colonel Faces Court-Martial for Sexual Harassment

Col. David C. Raunhecker, one of the highest ranking officials at a Florida Air Force base, faces a court-martial on January 24th for allegedly fondling and kissing a female captain against her will. Raunhecker was removed from command last year after Lisa Saturno, one of his top aides, accused him of the harassment. Saturno resigned last year. Raunhecker is officially charged with having an unprofessional relationship with his secretary, maltreatment of a subordinate, indecent assault and conduct unbecoming an officer.

1/24/1997 - Vatican Presents Its Case Against Female Priests

Though the Vatican has tried for years to make the issue of ordaining women go away, the issue won't die. On January 24th, the Vatican presented its case and announced the release of a book which gathers together church documents on the subject and "scholarly" essays on why women will not be ordained as priests. Bishop Angelo Scola commented at a news conference, "The church does not have the power to modify the practice, uninterrupted for 2000 years, of calling only men to the ministering priesthood, in that this was wanted directly by Jesus." He cites that Jesus chose only men for the 12 apostles and that priesthood is "objectively linked to the male sex of Jesus."

1/23/1997 - Dynamite Found in Atlanta Clinic Bombs

CBS News, citing unidentified sources, reports that dynamite was used in both bombs which exploded at an Atlanta abortion clinic. The New York Times also reported that the bombers used ten to twenty sticks of dynamite in each attack. The dynamite used is rarely used by amateurs and requires a federal permit to carry across state lines. Investigators are currently trying to ascertain how the explosives were obtained.

The Atlanta Northside Family Planning Services clinic experienced severe damage after it was bombed on January 16, 1997. A second bomb exploded approximately an hour later in a nearby dumpster. There is some speculation that the first bomb was intended to level the building and the second one was intended to kill people who arrived on the scene after the first bombing.

First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, Vice President Al Gore, and Tipper Gore condemned recent acts of violence against abortion clinics at NARAL's celebration of the January 22nd twenty-fourth anniversary of Roe v. Wade. Speaking just hours after an explosion near a Washington, DC Planned Parenthood clinic, Vice President Al Gore, Tipper Gore, and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton expressed outrage at recent acts of domestic terrorism involving bombs at abortion clinics in Atlanta, Georgia; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Washington, D.C. The Gores and Rodham Clinton stood up for a woman's right to choose and condemned violent acts performed to prevent threaten and intimidate women, preventing them from exercising their constitutional right to abortion.

1/23/1997 - Albright Unanimously Confirmed by Senate

Madeleine Albright became the first female Secretary of State on January 22 after the Senate voted 99 to 0 to confirm her to the cabinet. She immediately choose two highly experienced officials for the top jobs at the State Department. Thomas Pickering, a senior professional diplomat in the Foreign Service will serve as the secretary for political affairs, the third-ranking job in the State Department. Stuart Eizenstat, who has recently served as the under secretary of commerce for international affairs, will become under secretary for economic affairs in the State Department. Albright has also chosen her former chief of staff Elaine Shocas to serve her as chief of staff at the State Department.

1/23/1997 - Albright Unanimously Confirmed by Senate

Madeleine Albright became the first female Secretary of State on January 22 after the Senate voted 99 to 0 to confirm her to the cabinet. She immediately choose two highly experienced officials for the top jobs at the State Department. Thomas Pickering, a senior professional diplomat in the Foreign Service will serve as the secretary for political affairs, the third-ranking job in the State Department. Stuart Eizenstat, who has recently served as the under secretary of commerce for international affairs, will become under secretary for economic affairs in the State Department. Albright has also chosen her former chief of staff Elaine Shocas to serve her as chief of staff at the State Department.

1/23/1997 - West Point Cadet on Trial for Raping Female Cadet

On January 22, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point begun a court martial against a male cadet accused of raping a female cadet during a party. The female cadet alleges that James P. Engelbrecht forced himself on her even though she told him repeatedly to stop and to get off of her. This is the first rape trial at the academy in which a cadet is accusing another cadet since the academy has admitted women in 1976. The panel of seven Army officers, all male, will decide the case; five of them must find the defendant guilty for there to be a conviction.